Archive for August, 2010

Are Wheel Offs A Thing of the Past? Read this and find out…..

Four separate and well known companies have joined together to unveil a wheel system that promises to maintain higher clamp loads and eliminate most of the traditional causes of wheel losses.

Chicago Pneumatic, Alcoa, ITW CIP, and B&D Cold Heading came together to form Wheel Torque Solutions and discussed the system during a meeting of the Technology and Maintenance Council (TMC) earlier this year.

“This group of companies, through the research and development conducted with one of the largest waste removal fleets in the nation, have accomplished what others in the industry said couldn’t be done.” said David Walters, manager- Warranty & Field Service for Alcoa Wheel & Transportation Products.

Wheel Torque Solutions brings together the optimum nut, bolt, wheels, tools and processes for increasing torque retention. The components and wheel installation processes were researched and developed over a two-year period with one of the largest waste removal fleets in North America. The research proved that increasing torque retention not only improves safety, but also provides maintenance cost savings over the life of a wheel. This innovative process relies on the unique product attributes of the companies involved, combined with detailed wheel end maintenance and fastening processes.

“The key to strengthening the clamp force is maximizing the preload and grip length without comprising the structural integrity of the components,” explained Ross Hill, business development manager at ITW CIP. “Wheel Torque Solutions accomplishes this through the use of industry-leading components that have been tested to achieve maximum clamp force at torques greater than 600 ft.-lb.”

By incorporating a stack of five internal washers the Pac-Sleeve nuts will deflect 30 thousandths of an inch as they are pulled together, compared to a solid fastener that will deflect a maximum of 19 thousandths of an inch when the wheel components are tightened with 60,000 pounds of clamping force. The extra deflection is designed to compensate for the flexing, temperature changes, expansion and contraction that can take place during normal operation.

After the mounting surfaces are properly cleaned, and this is key, a half-inch driver is used to seat two or three long metal sleeves onto the wheel bolts. The wheels are slipped over the sleeves that ensure everything is seated in the proper position, nuts are lubricated and spun onto the bolts, and then everything is tightened with a “Blue Tork” electric nut runner using about 600 ft.-lb. of torque. The electronic tools scan and confirm the exacting torque values of each installation.  The suppliers suggest that this solution even eliminates the traditionally recommended practice of rechecking torques after newly installed wheels travel about 160 km.

Past President of the Ontario Trucking Association, Rolf VanderZwaag, who was instrumental in creating the program used to train Ontario wheel installers, believes Wheel Torque Solutions has addressed all the root causes of wheel losses.

While some installers believe that with proper wheel installation procedures being followed, there would be no wheel offs at all, Wheel Torque Solutions has taken the issue a step further to curb or perhaps alleviate wheel offs all together – and that’s a good thing.

Wheel Torque Solutions Video Demonstration – click here

A hopper full,

from the Trashman

Information provided by Alcoa

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I don’t think anyone believes that a Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) is just a random set of numbers generated by a computer.  However, not many people realize how much information it contains about the truck.

The VIN is a standardized code used by all North American car/truck/trailer manufacturers.  A trucks VIN is the automotive equivalent of human “DNA”.  It sets each vehicle apart from the millions of others manufactured in the past 30 years.  The 17 digit character used in todays VIN’s display a vehicles uniqueness and provides a “factory to scrap yard” identification.  It can be used to track recalls, registrations, warranty claims, thefts and insurance coverage. Each character or digit has a particular purpose.

History of the VIN

Detroit automobile manufacturers began stamping and casting identifying numbers on cars and their parts in the mid 1950′s . The primary purpose of this vehicle identification number (VIN) was to give an accurate description of the vehicle when mass production numbers were starting to increase significantly in numbers.

In the early 1980′s the U.S. National highway Traffic Safety Administration (USDOT) required that all road vehicles (off road vehicles do not use this standard) must contain a 17 character VIN. This established the standard fixed VIN system which major vehicle manufacturers use currently. VINs consist of 17 characters (alpha/numeric) and besides the three letters that are not allowed in the VIN itself (I, O and Q), the letters U and Z and the digit 0 are not used for the year code.

The 17 digit VIN is composed of the following sections:

  • World Manufacturer Identifier (WMI)
  • Vehicle Descriptor Section (VDS)
  • Check Digit
  • Model Year
  • Plant Code
  • Vehicle Identifier Section  (VIS)


1  2  3                     4  5  6  7  8            9            10            11         12  13  14  15  16 17

WMI                            VDS                Check      Model       Plant                   VIS

Digit       Year        Code


1M2                          K195C                   2             6               M                      028859

How To Read A VIN

1st character- Identifies the country in which the vehicle was manufactured.
For example: U.S.A.(1or 4), Canada(2), Mexico(3), Japan(J), Korea(K), England(S), Italy (Z)

2nd character- Identifies the manufacturer. For example; Audi(A),
BMW(B), Chevrolet(1), Chrysler(C), Dodge(B),Ford(F), GM Canada(7), General Motors(G), Honda(H), Jaguar(A), Lincoln(L), Mercedes Benz(D), Mack(M), Nissan(N), Oldsmobile(3), Pontiac(2or5), Plymouth(P), Saturn(8), Toyota(T), VW(V), Volvo(V).

3rd character- Identifies vehicle type or manufacturing division.

4th to 8th characters- VDS – Vehicle Descriptor Section. These 5 characters occupy positions 4 through 8 of the VIN and may be used by the manufacturer to identify attributes of the vehicle. Identifies vehicle features such as body style, engine type, model, series, etc.

9th Character – The check digit “character or digit 9″ in the sequence of a vehicle identification number (VIN) built beginning with model year 1981 can best be described as identifying the VIN accuracy.

A check digit is part of each VIN  and appears in position
nine (9) of the VIN and on any transfer documents containing
the VIN prepared by the manufacturer.  Thus, the vins of any two vehicles manufactured within a 30
year period shall not be identical. The check digit means a single number or letter
“x” used to verify the accuracy of the transcription of the VIN.

After all other characters in the VIN have been determined by the manufacturer the check digit is calculated by carrying out a specific mathematical calculation. This is based on an assigned value code, weight factor and multiply assigned value times weight factors. The values are added and the total is divided by 11. The remainder is the check digit number.  The correct numeric remainder – zero through nine (0-9) will appear.  However, if the remainder is 10 the letter “X” is used to designate the check
digit value/number.

10th character- Identifies the model year.  The chart below shows the character used to identify the model year of vehicles since 1980, the first year the standard code was used.

Model VIN Model VIN Model VIN Model VIN
Year Code Year Code Year Code Year Code
1980 A 1990 L 2000 Y 2010 A
1981 B 1991 M 2001 1 2011 B
1982 C 1992 N 2002 2 2012 C
1983 D 1993 P 2003 3 2013 D
1984 E 1994 R 2004 4 2014 E
1985 F 1995 S 2005 5 2015 F
1986 G 1996 T 2006 6 2016 G
1987 H 1997 V 2007 7 2017 H
1988 J 1998 W 2008 8 2018 J
1989 K 1999 X 2009 9 2019 K

11th character- Identifies the assembly plant for the vehicle.  This changes with each manufacturer, depending on facility location, however the placement of the this character is standard.

12th to 17th characters- VIS – Vehicle Identifier Section. The last 8 characters of the VIN are used for the identification a of specific vehicle. The last four characters shall always be numeric. Identifies the sequence of the vehicle for production as it rolled off the manufacturer’s assembly line.

World Manufacturer Identifier

The first three characters uniquely identify the manufacturer of the vehicle using the World Manufacturer Identifier or WMI code. A manufacturer that builds fewer than 500 vehicles per year uses a 9 as the third digit and the 12th, 13th and 14th position of the VIN for a second part of the identification. Some manufacturers use the third character as a code for a vehicle category (e.g., bus or truck), a division within a manufacturer, or both.

WMI Regions

The first character of the WMI is the region in which the manufacturer is located. In practice, each is assigned to a country of manufacture. There are many country codes from manufactures around the world, however listed below are just North American.

North America

United States: 1,4,5

Canada: 2

Mexico: 3

There are hundreds of WMI’s.  Listed below are the more common (primarily North American) truck mfg’s codes: American LaFrance, Ford, Freightliner, GMC, International, Kenworth Mack, Oshkosh, Ottawa, Peterbilt, Volvo, Western Star and White Volvo.

(*) It’s important to note that to correctly understand the code that each manufacture uses, you must have their “VIN Decoder”.  We are currently contacting the North American manufactures to obtain each code and will make it available for use.  With the code you will be able to understand information pertaining to the make, model, eng, etc.. of each vehicle when it was built.

Another hopper full,

from the Trashman

WMI Make/Manufacturer
5SX Amercian LeFrance
1CY Crane Carrier
1F1 Ford
1F6 Ford
1FA Ford
1FB Ford
1FC Ford
1FD Ford
1FE Ford
1FM Ford
1FT Ford
1ZV Ford
2FA Ford
2FD Ford
2FM Ford
2FT Ford
3FA Ford
3FC Ford
3FD Ford
3FR Ford
3FT Ford
9BF Ford
JC2 Ford
KNJ Ford
3FE Ford, Freightliner
1FU Freightliner
1FV Freightliner
2FU Freightliner
2FV Freightliner
3AL Freightliner
4UZ Freightliner
1HS International
1HT International
1HV International
2HS International
2HT International
3HA International
3HS International
3HT International
4GT Isuzu, WhiteGMC
1NK Kenworth
1XK Kenworth
2NK Kenworth
2XK Kenworth
3BK Kenworth
3NK Kenworth
3WK Kenworth
1M1 Mack
1M2 Mack
1M3 Mack
2M2 Mack
VG6 Mack
10T Oshkosh
4CD Oshkosh
11V Ottawa
1NP Peterbilt
1XP Peterbilt
2NP Peterbilt
2XP Peterbilt
3BP Peterbilt
3NM Peterbilt
2FW Sterling
2FZ Sterling
49H Sterling
JLS Sterling
SAX Sterling
4VA Volvo
4VH Volvo
4VL Volvo
4VM Volvo
YB3 Volvo
YV1 Volvo
YV2 Volvo
YV4 Volvo
YV5 Volvo
4V1 Volvo, WhiteGMC
4V2 Volvo, WhiteGMC
4V4 Volvo, WhiteGMC
4V5 Volvo, WhiteGMC
4VG Volvo, WhiteGMC
2WK Western Star Trucks
2WL Western Star Trucks
5CK Western Star Trucks
5KJ Western Star Trucks
5KK Western Star Trucks
1WU White Volvo


  1. United States Federal VIN Requirements (Title 49, Chapter V, part 565)
Posted in Buying, Maintenance, Selling | Comments Off

Deciding to sell a surplus piece of equipment is a tough decision.  Does the cost of keeping it, outweigh the price you can sell it for?  What if your front line truck(s) breakdown?  Will you be able to service new growth?  Will the truck sell for enough to put down on the purchase of a new truck?

Once you get past the questions, listing your equipment on Waste Equipment Exchange will make the selling process easy.

Waste Equipment Exchange is the only marketplace that gives members the option to list new or used surplus equipment in 2 ways: On-line Auction or a Classified Ad.

On-Line Auction

With an on-line auction, we work with you to choose a starting price.  You choose if you want to have a reserve price, or list without a reserve.  The auction will be advertised across North America and lasts either 7, 14, or 21 days.  The highest bidder (once the reserve has been met, if applicable), transfers the funds into a holding account at Waste Equipment Exchange until the equipment is available for pick up and the title has been cleared – usually about 3-5 days.  The bidder then picks up the equipment and seller gets paid.

An on-line auction is one of the quickest way to turn your surplus equipment into cash.  Additional information about listing in an auction can be found here.

Classified Ad

Sellers can also post equipment in a classified ad.  A classified ad is a simple, inexpensive way to have your equipment seen by people in the waste industry across North America.


The classified ad is posted by category, right on the site.  Buyers can view the ad, the description and all the images (up to 9) in one place.  The sellers name and contact information appear in the ad, so the buyer can contact them directly to discuss any further details.


Besides the usual contact methods, our buyers and sellers have a unique contact method available to them.  Buyers can post questions to the seller that appears right in the ad.  When the seller responds the answer appears right below it, right in the ad itself.

This unique communication method allows all potential buyers to read any and all questions and answers about the equipment.

Buyer Notification:

Buyers are notified directly of new listings.  Every week an electronic notification called “New Listings” is sent out to hundreds of potential buyers highlighting a different piece of equipment or vehicle.  There is no charge for this service, its our way of bringing buyers and sellers together.   If you’re not getting this email, you can register for free here.  Registration is easy and you can un-subscribe at any time.

Classified Ad Cost:

The cost of a classified ad is very inexpensive and has no commission fees, or hidden charges attached.  Once you are registered (which is also free and very easy to do), you can post an ad for as little as $39.99 (+tax) for 28 days.  There are additional fees to BOLD your listing, or have it show up on the front page as a “Featured Listing” for more exposure, but these are options you choose.  Otherwise $39.99 gets your equipment listed and noticed by hundreds of individuals and companies in the waste industry.  You can also enjoy additional savings, by watching for our special offers.

We hope this helps in your decision to list your equipment on the site.  It’s quick, easy and has great value – enjoy!

Another hopper full,

from The Trashman

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